Type 2 Diabetes – Diabetes and the Metabolic Syndrome

Type 2 Diabetes – Diabetes and the Metabolic Syndrome – With Type 2 diabetes on the rise throughout the globe, it is important to not only know about this condition, but other aspects of it which could indicate full-blown Type 2 diabetes is likely to develop down the track. There are several conditions which, when observed together, may indicate the onset of Metabolic Syndrome, also known as insulin resistance.
Type 2 diabetes comes about due to the gradual lowering in the amount of insulin the pancreas produces in response to food and by the insulin resistance that occurs. Insulin resistance occurs when the normal amount of insulin secreted by the pancreas is unable to carry out its job of transferring sugar from the bloodstream into both muscle and fat cells. And then, insulin resistance forces the pancreas to make more and more insulin, therefore producing higher than normal levels of insulin.
When insulin levels remain consistently high, a long list of complications usually follows. Type 2 diabetes is associated with an abnormal metabolic state which is often referred to today as the Metabolic Syndrome, but is also known as Syndrome X.
The Metabolic Syndrome is medically defined by a cluster of abnormalities besides high blood sugar. They include:

abdominal obesity,
high blood pressure,
elevated triglyceride and cholesterol levels, and
inflammation.

Researchers believe the primary cause of the Metabolic Syndrome can be traced to two factors, both of which can be changed:

excess body fat in the abdominal area, and
a sedentary lifestyle.

The presence of abdominal fat is one of the biggest factors as this creates a myriad of complications. Not only are abdominal organs cramped from the excess fat (visceral fat), but it also causes these organs not to operate as efficiently as they were designed to. One organ in particular, the liver, develops its own condition known as fatty liver which is found to be present in many cases of Type 2 diabetes, as well as pre-diabetes.
By itself, this condition is extremely dangerous. It brings about an increased risk of such conditions as high blood pressure, stroke, heart attack and more. With the world-wide population reaching astronomical levels of obesity in almost every culture, the Metabolic and its complications are an increasing visible health issue.
Individuals with this condition may also experience other conditions such as:

nerve damage,
hardening of the arteries,
increased chances of blood clots,
ulcer conditions and even amputation, mostly of the lower extremities.

A major problem in today’s society is that our level of physical activity has greatly diminished. Children now forgo active play and exercise and, instead, entertain themselves with unending video games, and various other electronic gadgets. Between computer social chatting, cell phone chatting, video games and more there is no time or desire for taking an active involvement in life.
Adding to this recipe for disaster is the over-abundance of fast food and junk food. Exercise is not only necessary for eliminating the occurrence of the Metabolic Syndrome, but for many other health issues that can also occur.
One concern is this condition often remains undiagnosed for years. During this time, the damage is being inflicted on your body. Some of this damage can be undone by moderate lifestyle changes… that is:

taking in less calories or kilojoules,
taking part in more physical activity, and
weight loss.

Strong evidence shows we can prevent Type 2 diabetes in those who are at risk or seem to be showing early signs of developing this disease. Unfortunately, once certain damage has occurred, it is there for life. This is why prevention is so crucial.