Type 2 Diabetes – Micronutrients or Trace Elements in Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes – Micronutrients or Trace Elements in Diabetes – If you have prediabetes or Type 2 diabetes, you body is under constant stress. Stress often leads to mineral deficiencies and, in this event, maintaining reasonable healthy levels of your blood sugar becomes much more difficult.
Micronutrients or trace elements are rare tiny molecules that play important roles in our bodies. Researchers at Shiraz University in Iran looked at the trace elements: chromium, zinc, copper, and iron in people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes and compared them with the same elements in healthy individuals.
The study, published in February 2011 in Biology of Trace Elements Research, included 20 people with diabetes, and 20 non-diabetics. The average amount of each of the elements in the blood of the diabetic participants was lower than it was in the blood of the non-diabetics in this study.
Because the trace elements in both groups were measured at the same time, it is not clear whether a lack of trace elements contributed to the participants developing Type 2 diabetes, or whether the diabetes condition itself caused the participants to have low amounts of trace elements. A third-case scenario could be that poor dietary habits caused both the Type 2 diabetes and low levels of trace elements.
In any case, trace elements or micronutrients are important and an adequate supply should be included in everyone’s diet.
Iron is part of the hemoglobin molecule, and makes it possible for the blood to carry oxygen. It is also found in proteins such as myoglobin, a molecule that helps to make up the muscles. Without enough iron, your body starves for oxygen. The required amount depends upon age and gender…
Children…
7 to 12 months, 11 mg per day,
1 to 3 years, 7 mg per day,
4 to 8 years, 10 mg per day, and
9 to 13 years, 8 mg per day.
Adolescents…
14 to 18 years, girls need 11 mg per day while boys need 15 mg per day.
Adults…
19 to 50 years of age, men need 8 mg per day and women need 18 mg per day,
51 years of age and older should have 8 mg of iron per day.
Good sources include green leafy vegetables, beans, and whole grains.
Copper is useful for healing wounds and storing iron, enzyme reactions, growth, bone strength, formation of blood cells, iron transport, cholesterol and sugar metabolism, heart beats, brain development, immunity, and protection against oxidation and inflammation…
adults should take in 900 micrograms of copper per day.
Sources of copper include nuts, seeds, whole grains, and cocoa.
Zinc is found in every cell of the body, and has antioxidant properties, helping to protect the body from free radicals…
women 19 and older should have 8 mg per day, and
men 19 and older should have 11 mg per day.
Sources of zinc include lima beans, black-eyed peas, pinto beans, soybeans, peanuts, whole grains, tofu, brewer’s yeast, green leafy vegetables, mushrooms, green beans, tahini, pumpkin, and sunflower seeds.
Chromium is involved in involved in fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism, and plays a role in helping insulin to do its job. It helps turn carbohydrates into energy…
adults should take in 120 micrograms of chromium per day.
Broccoli and grapes are good sources of chromium.