Type 2 Diabetes – Low Vitamin D Levels and Gestational Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes – Low Vitamin D Levels and Gestational Diabetes – Gestational diabetes is the name for diabetes first diagnosed during pregnancy. Women who suffer Gestational diabetes can have overweight babies with several possible birth defects, and the mothers are at risk for developing Type 2 diabetes post delivery. Low levels of vitamin D have been associated with Type 2 diabetes, and scientists at the Medical Centre Alkmaar in The Netherlands reviewed studies of low vitamin D and diabetes developing during pregnancy.
Their work, reported in the European Journal of Internal Medicine in August 2012, included studies reported on up to September of 2011.
7 studies were included with 2146 women.
433 of these women were diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy.
4 studies reported more than half the pregnant women had a vitamin D deficiency.
Women with a vitamin D deficiency were:
61 per cent more likely to develop diabetes during pregnancy than women with normal vitamin D levels.
blood levels of vitamin D were significantly lower in women with Gestational diabetes than in those with normal blood sugar levels.
This information led the researchers to conclude there was a significant relationship between low levels of vitamin D and diabetes occurring during pregnancy. They went on to say it is not clear whether vitamin D deficiency causes Gestational diabetes or whether Gestational diabetes could cause vitamin D deficiency.
They further called for clinical trials of vitamin D in pregnancy before it is known whether vitamin D supplementation could prevent Gestational diabetes.
Taking in too much vitamin D can be dangerous, so it is not a good idea to take megadoses indiscriminately. Taking too much of the vitamin can lead to kidney damage, poor appetite, weight loss, and heart and blood vessel disease.
Vitamin D Sources: The recommended daily allowance (RDA) of vitamin D for people 1 to 70 years of age is 15 micrograms per day. Mushrooms that have been irradiated with ultraviolet light make vitamin D in much the same way people do when exposed to sunlight.
Many breakfast cereals, orange juices, and margarines are fortified with vitamin D:
a cup of Multi-Grain Cheerios supplies 10 per cent of the RDA for the vitamin with only 114 calories. (Not to mention over 100 per cent of the RDA’s for iron, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12 and pantothenic acid [vitamin B5]).
Healthy Choice Almond Crunch with Raisins, at 198 calories per cup, supplies 19 per cent of the RDA for vitamin D, plus iron and several B vitamins.
some brands of soymilk, such as Silk, are supplemented with vitamin D.
Pregnant women are usually prescribed a sensible multivitamin supplement. If you take your vitamins every day, then it could just help to prevent diabetes occurring during pregnancy. Eat healthy, and stay tuned for more research on vitamin D and Gestational diabetes.