Type 2 Diabetes – What Are The Best Blood Sugar Levels For You?

Type 2 Diabetes – What Are The Best Blood Sugar Levels For You? – It is estimated around 8% of the American adult population has diagnosed and undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes, according to the statistics published by the National Diabetic Information Clearinghouse. As well, this health problem is the seventh leading cause of documented deaths in the United States.
Are you wondering about the best ways to keep your Type 2 diabetes status in check… actually the way your diabetes plays out is largely in your hands. To start with you will need to know the best blood sugar level (BSL) for you so you can avoid both blood sugar and insulin spikes, and as a guide for you to know the appropriate amounts of carbohydrates to eat at each meal.
Self-monitoring your BSL is essential, after all Type 2 diabetes is about blood sugar levels and it’s the only way you will know how your blood glucose responds to certain types of food, activity, stress and illness. Your response to these situations are all unique to you. Your body is unique… there is not another one like it anywhere in the world. Self-monitoring is the most important tool you have to help you to control your Type 2 diabetes. And if you are going to take the time to test, make sure your efforts aren’t in vain; write down the results each time. You can keep these records in a logbook, blood glucose diary, or diabetes diary. What form this takes is up to you.
So, as well as knowing your blood sugar level you will need to know the optimum range as a guide. Optimum ranges for preprandial, postprandial and HbA1c are:
1. Preprandial Blood Glucose: Preprandial blood glucose value reflects the level of your blood sugar before your meal. It shows the status of your BSL during a relative fasting state. The acceptable value for this is 70 to 130 mg/dL (3.9 to 7.2mmol/L). A measurement below this can be considered as hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. On the other hand, a value far above this range is considered as hyperglycemia or high blood sugar level.
2. Postprandial Blood Glucose: Postprandial blood glucose is a great tool that can be used to measure the ability of your body to handle blood sugar states during and after your meal. The typical accepted value for postprandial blood glucose is recommend to be less than 180 mg/dL (10mmol/L). Any value above this is considered as hyperglycemia.
3. Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c): The HbA1c is the most clinically accepted measure of blood sugar control in diabetics, according to ClinicalDiabetes, an online publication of the American Diabetes Association. It fact, it can be considered as the best test, the most reliable indicator for the long-term management of Type 2 diabetes. This laboratory value measures the average control of your blood sugar for the past 90 to 120 days. Some other names you may hear for this type of test are A1c score, or simply “your percentage”.
The American Diabetes Association recommends people with diabetes keep their HbA1c levels below 7% (lower for some), which is a blood sugar reading of roughly 150mg/dL (8.3mmol/L) on average over a 2 to 3 month period. You will find The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists supports a goal of less than 6.5 % which is equal to approximately 140 mg/dL (7.8mmol/L) over the same period of time. Any value above 7% is usually considered to show poor control of your Type 2 diabetes.