Type 2 Diabetes – Which Diagnostic Tests Help To Monitor Your Progress?

Type 2 Diabetes – Which Diagnostic Tests Help To Monitor Your Progress? – Often people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes struggle to overcome and control their blood sugar levels. Many, if not all, try to modify their diet, increase their physical activity and decrease their weight to have better control of their diabetes and the possible complications it can bring. One of the most common questions diabetics ask is: “How do I monitor my progress in managing my diabetes?”
Your blood sugar level (BSL) is the basic measure of your progress according to the American Medical Association. Checking your blood sugar regularly and making adjustments to your eating plan, and/or increasing your physical activity, is the best way to control both the symptoms and any possible complications.
So, what are the available blood sugar diagnostic tests that can track and monitor your progress in your battle against this metabolic disease?
1. HbA1c: If you want to know the average blood sugar control you had for the past two to three months, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) can be your best choice. How does it work? Hemoglobin is a special protein that plays the role of oxygen-carrying within your red blood cells. It usually links up with glucose or sugar; so if you have uncontrolled diabetes for quite some time, more sugar molecules tend to stick to this protein. And so, if you happen to have poorly controlled blood sugar within the past two to three months, your HbA1c will have a higher reading.
2. Blood glucose home monitoring: Most diabetics chose to have their own glucose meter. Why? Your blood glucose meter serves as the main tool for monitoring your daily progress against Type 2 diabetes. As stated by the American Medical Association, it is best to self-monitor your blood sugar regularly and log the results so you can see trends. Keeping a log is not just for the benefit of your doctor, you need to use this information also. Self monitoring is really necessary for diabetics:
using insulin
taking oral anti-diabetic medications
who are pregnant
who have a hard time controlling their BSL, and
who experience episodes of severe hyper/hypoglycemia.
3. Urinary ketones: Checking your urinary ketone level is necessary if you are experiencing signs and symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes. Increased urinary ketones are usually seen in Type 1 diabetes. However, it can also be seen in Type 2 diabetes. The usual indications for urinary ketone examination includes:
a blood sugar level that is higher than 300mg/dL (16.7mmol/L)
nausea
vomiting and abdominal pain
infectious diseases
unexplained fatigue
increased frequency and amount of urine output
skin flushing
fruity breath odor and sometimes
confusion
4. Estimated average glucose (eAG): eAG is one of the newest methods in the monitoring of your blood sugar control. Your HbA1c is usually reported as a percentage. On the other hand, estimated average glucose (eAG) is reported in mg/dl and it’s result reflects the average blood sugar control within a given period. eAG is ultimately used to help the diabetic understand more fully what progress he is making with regard to blood sugar control.